What is normal blood pressure?/Diagnosing high blood pressure.

Blood pressure readings between 90/60 (mm Hg) and 120/80 (mm Hg) are always considered as ideal or normal.
Incase you attain readings ranging from 120/80 (mm Hg) and 140/90 (mm Hg): This might put you at risk of developing high blood pressure if you don’t put your pressure under control.

Diagnosing hypertension is as reasonable as obtaining a blood pressure reading by use of a pressure cuff. These readings are always taken at every visit paid or appointments made at the doctorsโ€™ offices. Check blood pressure at every routine visit. If you donโ€™t receive the readings, always request one.

In case of elevations in your blood pressure readings, more readings in the course of a few days or weeks will be requested by your doctor.
Evidence of sustained problem has to be established by your doctor, since hypertension diagnosis is rarely given by just one reading test. This is because, blood pressure levels differ during the day following different temperature changes witnessed in a day. Similarly this might be as a result of stress generated from your feelings being at the doctor’s desk.

To rule out underlying conditions, more tests will be conducted if your blood pressure remains high. These tests can include:

  • Urine test.
  • ECG/EKG – Electrocardiogram cholesterol screening and other blood tests of your heart.
  • Heart and kidneys ultrasound.

Through these tests, the doctor can analyse and find out the secondary cause of elevated blood pressure. The effects of high blood pressure induced and exerted in your organs, can be identified too.
Your doctor may now start your hypertension treatment after noticing this earlier. This may protect and reduce your risk of adverse lasting damage on your organs.

How to understand high blood pressure readings.

Pressure reading is indicated by two numbers:

Systolic pressure:
It’s the first or top number. It indicates arteries pressure exerted when your heart pumps out blood during each and every beat of the heart.

Diastolic pressure:
It’s the second or bottom number. It’s the arteries pressure readings monitored between beats of your heart.

5 classifications of adults blood pressure readings:

1. Healthy:
It should be less than 120/80 millimetres of mercury (mm Hg).

2. Elevated:
Systolic number is between (120 and 129 mm Hg), and diastolic number less than (80 mm Hg)
However, elevated blood pressure is usually not treated with or through drug medication. Instead, the doctor helps you to lower your numbers through lifestyle changes guidance.

3. Stage 1 hypertension:
This is between 130 and 139 mm Hg systolic number.

80 and 89 mm Hg diastolic number.

4. Stage 2 hypertension:
Systolic number – (140 mm Hg or higher).
Diastolic number – (90 mm Hg or higher).

5. Hypertensive crisis:
Systolic number – Over (180 mm Hg). Diastolic number – Over (120 mm Hg).

In this range of blood pressure, urgent medical attention is required
If such symptoms like visual changes, shortness of breath, headaches and chest pain occur when pressure is this high, an emergency medical care will be needed.

While taking pressure readings, make sure that you use a pressure cuff that fits you. Inaccurate readings may be delivered by an ill-fitting cuff.

Blood pressure readings for children to teenagers differ. For your child’s healthy pressure ranges readings, ask your child’s doctor if you are to monitor his/her blood pressure.


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