High Blood Pressure Medicine Classes/Types and their Mechanism of Action.

High blood pressure medicine classes/types and their action on mechanism includes:

  • Beta-blockers
  • Calcium channel blockers
  • Peripheral adrenergic inhibitors
  • Angiotensin II receptor blockers
  • Vasodilators
  • Alpha blockers
  • Alpha-2 Receptor Agonists
  • ACE inhibitors
  • Central agonists
  • Diuretics
  • Combined alpha and beta-blockers

Beta Blockers:
Reduces the force at which your heart beats causing reduction in the amount of blood pumped through the arteries, with each heart beat hence lowering blood pressure. It also plays a big role in the blocking of certain hormones that can raise high blood pressure in your body.
Decrease blood pressure improving blood flow by relaxing blood vessels hence slowing the heart rate.

Calcium Channel Blockers:
There work is to block some of the calcium from entering the heart’s cardiac muscles.
With this, less forceful heartbeats are felt with a reduction in blood pressure. These medicines too relaxes the blood vessels, reducing the blood pressure.
Soothes the heart not to pump so hard by relaxing the blood vessels.

Peripherally-Acting-Alpha-Adrenergic-Blockers:
Easen flow of blood in the body by relaxing blood vessels.

Angiotensin-II-Receptor-Blockers:
Gives way for smooth flow of blood and effective pumping of the heart by blocking the action of certain natural substances from tightening the blood vessels.
Certain chemicals that tighten the blood vessels are decreased to enhance smooth flow of blood with an effective heart pump.

Vasodilators:
Enhance ease in flow of blood through the body by relaxing the blood vessels.

Centrally-Acting-Alpha-Adrenergic:
Easen flow of blood through the body by relaxing the blood vessels decreasing the heart rate.

Renin-Inhibitors:
Increased efficiency in the pumping of the heart by relaxing blood vessels and decreasing certain natural chemicals.

Angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs):
Angiotensin is blocked by ARBs from binding with receptors, while ACE aims at stoping the creation of angiotensin.
With a reduction in the chemical, blood vessels won’t tighten hence relaxing the vessels and lowering the blood pressure.

Alpha-2 agonists:
The nerves impulses that causes tightening of the blood vessels, are changed by this type of medication. This reduces blood pressure by relaxing the blood vessels.

ACE inhibitors:
It relaxes the blood vessels reducing blood pressure by producing and inhibitor;
ACE (angiotensin converting enzyme), that prevents the mobility of angiotensin which always tightens and narrows the artery walls and blood vessels.

Diuretics/water pills:
Also known as water pills, helps your kidney in the removal of excess sodium salts and fluids from your body. An excess of such salts and fluids might cause high blood pressure if not reduced in the body.
Unneeded water and and salt in the kidneys are rid into urine.

Combination-Medicines:
A single dose combined from two (or more) approved different kinds of blood pressure medicines.


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