What is hypertension/high blood pressure?
It’s the blood flow resistivity amount measured through your blood vessels and the amount of blood passing through your vessels at each heartbeat; when your heart is pumping. If the pressure increases to unhealthy levels, it erupts to high blood pressure or hypertension.
Resistivity is more with narrow arteries, the more narrower they get the more resistivity they become; the more pressure exerted in the blood vessels to push blood through. Increased pressure over a long time can cause health issues. This includes heart disease and hypertension.
Following recent news on medical review, nearly half of adults in America will soon now be diagnosed with this condition.
Hypertension symptoms go unnoticed as they develop over several years. Mostly, you don’t notice any symptoms but still it can cause damage to your blood vessels and organs especially eyes, kidneys, heart and brain.
Several medical check ups by your doctor, can be essential to detect abnormalities in your blood pressure. With the regular readings, the changes in your blood pressure can be easily noticed. If an elevation in blood pressure occurs, the doctor can keep on running the same tests to see whether the tests continue to stay elevated or falls back to normal levels.
Healthy lifestyle and prescribed medical treatment are the most treatments for hypertension. If the condition is not treated earlier, it can lead to other adverse effects including heart attack and stroke.
What are the causes of high blood pressure/hypertension?
Hypertension is categorised under it’s causes. The two types of hypertension include:
- Primary hypertension
- Secondary hypertension
1. Primary hypertension.
Also called essential hypertension, it develops over time with no signs of identifiable cause. This type affects most people.
The mechanisms that causes blood pressure to increase slowly are still un-clearly proven by researchers.
It’s existence is affected by a variety of factors that include:
Some genes of people are genetically prone to hypertension. Genetic abnormalities or gene mutations initiated or following your family background/parents might be the cause.
- Physical changes:
Some issues throughout your body might be experienced if something in your body changes. High blood pressure/hypertension may erupt as a result of those issues. For example, it’s believed that alterations in your kidney function caused due to aging may distress the body’s normal balance of body salts and body fluids. This may cause an increase in your body’s blood pressure.
Poor diet and lack of physical exercise or activity can take their toll on your body’s immune.
Unhealthy lifestyle choices can lead to weight problems and obese increasing your risk for hypertension.
2. Secondary hypertension.
This steadily occurs so rapidly and most probably becomes extremely more severe than primary hypertension. Several conditions that may erupt, lead to or cause secondary hypertension include:
-certain endocrine tumors
-side effects of medications
-congenital heart defects
-use of illegal drugs
-problems with your thyroid
-alcohol abuse or chronic use
-obstructive sleep apnea
-adrenal gland problems
What are the symptoms of hypertension?
Hypertension being a smartly undetectable silent condition, it may take several years or even decades for it’s adverse symptoms to become obvious. This is after reaching levels severe enough to expose the symptoms which may be attributed to other issues.
Severe hypertension symptoms can include:
-shortness of breath
-blood in the urine
Although these symptoms don’t occur in everyone that has hypertension, they require outmost immediate medical attention. It could be fatal waiting for a symptom of this condition to occur.
Getting regularly blood pressure readings is the best detector for finding out if you have high blood pressure. Pressure readings are always taken in most doctors’ offices at every patient’s visit.
Your doctor can help you watch your blood pressure if you get in touch with him yearly. Having a physical talk pertaining your blood pressure readings might reduce on your risk of hypertension by watching closely your blood pressure.
For example, if there has been an history of heart disease in your family before or have risk factors arising and developing the conditions, you may have a recommendation from your doctor to have your blood pressure checked at least two times per year. This will help you and the doctor to monitor any abnormalities that might arise, cease them before they become problematic.